Born in New York City, but reared in Ossining, in the Empire State’s Westchester County (north of Manhattan), Falk made his initial stage appearance at age 12 in a youth camp production of The Pirates of Penzance. The acting bug was thereby planted, but it took some while to mature. According to his official Web site’s biography,
After graduating from Ossining High School, where he was a star athlete and president of his class, Falk served as a cook in the Merchant Marine, then studied at Hamilton College in Clinton, New York, where he completed his work for a B.A. degree in political science at the New School for Social Research in 1951. He earned a Masters degree in public administration at Syracuse University in 1953. After applying unsuccessfully for a job with the Central Intelligence Agency, he became a management analyst with the Connecticut State Budget Bureau, in Hartford. In his spare time he acted with the Mark Twain Maskers in Hartford and studied at the White Barn Theatre in Westport, and for the first time began to consider the possibility of becoming a professional actor. In 1956 at the age of 29 he left his job with the Budget Bureau, moved to Greenwich Village in New York, and declared himself an actor.He debuted Off Broadway in Molière’s Don Juan, and soon after found himself on Broadway in a production of George Bernard Shaw’s Saint Joan. Although “a theatrical agent advised him not to expect much work in motion pictures because of his glass eye” (he’d lost his right peeper to cancer at age 3), Falk left for Hollywood in 1960 and scored a supporting role in the acclaimed film Murder, Inc., for which he picked up an Oscar nomination. “On a roll,” continues his Web site backgrounder, “he was nominated that same year for an Emmy playing a drug addict in The Law and Mr. Jones. Frank Capra’s Pocketful of Miracles, with Bette Davis and Glenn Ford, was Falk’s second feature in 1961 and with it, his second Oscar nomination. Also that year he got a second Emmy nomination in The Dick Powell Playhouse’s presentation of The Price of Tomatoes--and this time took home the prize.”
Falk’s initial television series was The Trials of O’Brien (1965-1966), a “weekly one-hour comedy whodunit” in which he played a well-meaning lawyer who was willing to bend the rules of law a bit in order to make sure that his clients got a “fair go.” (The American Bar Association, accustomed to the more earnest legal proceedings on Perry Mason, apparently complained about O’Brien.) But it was Columbo, which debuted in 1971 as one of three series rotating under the umbrella title, The NBC Mystery Movie (later The NBC Sunday Mystery Movie), that made Falk a familiar face in U.S homes.
As most people likely know by now, Falk wasn’t originally envisioned by series creators Richard Levinson and William Link as the right guy to play their persistent L.A. homicide detective. Since Thomas Mitchell, a thespian then in his 70s (and probably best remembered now for playing Scarlett O’Hara’s father in the 1939 film Gone with the Wind), had previously filled the part of Lieutenant Columbo in their theatrical production, Prescription: Murder, Levinson and Link were looking for an older actor when they tried to transfer the character to television. Their preference: Bing Crosby. But after the singer-performer turned them down (reportedly, because their schedule conflicted with his golfing), Levinson and Link instead rethought their protagonist in the form of Falk, whose “rumpled looks and good nature” had impressed them, according to Richard Meyers’ book TV Detectives. After he had played Columbo in two teleflicks, Prescription: Murder (a 1968 adaptation of Levinson and Link’s play) and Ransom for a Dead Man (1971), NBC signed Falk to play the part in a regular, 90-minute series.
Columbo ran on NBC from 1971 to 1978 (climbing into the top five of the Nielsen ratings), and then was brought back by competitor ABC in a succession of TV movies broadcast from 1989 to 2003. (A full listing of episodes and teleflicks can be found here.) Falk picked up five Emmy Awards and a Golden Globe for his portrayal of the permanently rumpled and warm-hearted sleuth.
Of course, the actor has had other roles. Many of them, on both the large and small screens. It’s easy to forget that Falk appeared in Have Gun--Will Travel, The Untouchables, and Naked City; that he played a treasure-seeking cab driver in the 1963 comedy It’s a Mad, Mad, Mad, Mad World and parodied Bogartesque gumshoes in Neil Simon’s The Cheap Detective (1978); and that he portrayed a dubious ex-CIA agent in Arthur Hiller’s 1979 comedy, The In-Laws, and did a turn in his director friend John Cassavetes’ 1974 film, A Woman Under the Influence. (Cassavetes had earlier guest-starred in a fondly remembered 1972 episode of Columbo, “Étude in Black.”) What we remember, instead, is that Peter Falk made a household name of Lieutenant Columbo, a shabby-raincoated, cigar-chewing, Peugeot-driving, Italian-descended cop behind whose obsequious manner and often poorly shaven mug hid an investigative mastermind to rival Sherlock Holmes and Hercule Poirot put together. Philandering psychologist Ray Flemming (Gene Barry) had it right when he said, in the TV film version of Prescription: Murder, “You’re an intelligent man, Columbo, but you hide it.”
Actors could be known for far less memorable roles.
Happy 80th, Mr. Falk.
FROM ’ZINE TO SCREEN: I came across this bit of trivia at the Web’s Ultimate Columbo Site:
Columbo’s genesis dated from March 1960, when Alfred Hitchcock’s Mystery Magazine published a short story, written by two old friends, W. Link and R. Levinson. First entitled “May I Come In?” by the writers, it was then [retitled] “Dear Corpus Delecti.” The policeman, called Lieutenant Fisher, was a little man, who looked insignificant. Columbo was taking shape. “We recalled the policeman [Porfiry] Petrovitch in Dotstoïevski’s Crime and Punishment. This character, even if he looked quite humble, was in fact really intimidating. He knew how to catch the killers off guard,” explained William Link.Also interesting, from the same site, is an article titled “How We Created Columbo--and How He Nearly Killed Us,” by Levinson and Link, which is an excerpt from their 1981 book, Stay Tuned: An Inside Look at the Making of Prime Time Television.
READ MORE: “Lt. Columbo: The Genesis of a Character,” by Steve Lewis (Mystery*File).